ISTD International Standard - Rumba Syllabus



  1. Fan

  2. Alemana

  3. Hockey Stick

  4. Natural Top

  5. Opening Out to Right and Left

  6. Natural Opening Out Movement

  7. Closed Hip Twist


  1. Open Hip Twist

  2. Reverse Top

  3. Opening Out from Reverse Top

  4. Aida

  5. Spiral Turns (Spiral, Curl, Rope Spinning)


  1. Sliding Doors

  2. Fencing

  3. Three Threes

  4. Three Alemanas

  5. Hip Twists (Advanced, Continuous, Circular)

Rumba Timing and Tempo

    • 4/4 (4 beat in a bar of music)

    • Musical accent on first beat, percussive accent on 4th beat

    • 27 bars per minute, 105 beats per minute

    • 1/2 beat is taken to get to desire foot position, then the remaining 1/2 or 1 1/2 beat is used to "settle" the hip.

Rumba Technique

See Rumba Technique and general Latin Technique.


See Rumba choreography for practice routines at different levels.