Standard Practice Notes


  • Prep step:

    • LF to side: not too far, follow Man's leg

    • There is leg rise, body extend to L more (L side stretch, shoulder closer to ear), L knee is not locked, there is still propulsion from LF pushing floor, this is metronomic swing. Pushing yourself off from the heel.

  • Projection direction and knee and foot lines up

  • Arm/frame is not doing the leading, Use center body, arm/frame follows.

  • Frame: not rigid, needs to breathe

    • Stay left, body more left, stretch; ribs to partner, then extend.

    • RH tone coming from back. shoulders down.

    • Keep frame/arm forward, especially when moving back, e.g. Double Reverse.

  • Reverse Turns: stretch left, head left, keep left side body forward with Man.

  • Natural turns: (Lady)

    • 1st step curve, hips turn more, follow Man's hips, allow them to move, stretch and keep R arm forward

    • 2st step: smaller side step.

  • Going out from PP: do not loose R side.


  • Change step: body rotation 45 degrees each step, but no turn.

  • Don't overshoot weight on count 2 side step, partial weight.

  • Closing feet needs to time with center of gravity, not dragging too long or too soon. Center of gravity aim to the IE edge of foot.

  • Natural Turn: 1st half more sway, 2nd half more swing (Lady)

  • Chasse From PP: change inclination hip tilt a little earlier, going into 1.

  • Whisk: L hip high


  • Set up: RF not turned out; LF is not turned out

  • Tango close: 2nd side step partial weight, don't overshoot.

  • Open finish: shape by rotating to R, do not lower heel too early

  • Posture: knees more bent.

  • Closed Promenade: R arm forward. don't lose energy. R arm needs to be more consistent with tone, not too much pressure and not too loose.

  • Movement: stay flat

Viennese Waltz

  • Forward half of Natural Turn: do not underturn.

  • Don't overshoot 2nd side step, weight is shot too far.

  • 2nd step: stretch and then bend knee and stay flat

  • Don't pop up, more flat, focus on movement.

  • Keep volume, left.


  • Feather Step:

    • Stay on standing leg longer, the moving foot can prepare. The more to prepare, the body needs to actually go forward for a second, then Man put Lady back.

    • During count 3 and 4 (or 7 and 8 during Feather Finish), Lady has to balance on her RF flat (BH footwork, so on flat foot, don't stay on ball for too long), LF next to RF on toe (not ball, think about showing shoe size numbers), beautiful feet, it also puts body weight more forward, the right posture.

  • Using body - swing/sway 3D, for Lady: (practice upper body motion sitting on a chair - which neutralize the hips)

    • Preparation:

      • 5 6: body horizontal rotated to left, vertical rotate to R (L side longer), and with frontal rotation

      • 7 8: neutralize horizontal and vertical rotation (keep frontal rotation) for a moment then starting to the other direction

    • Feather Step:

      • S( 1 2): horizontally rotated to R about 45 degrees, vertical rotation to L (R side longer) , keep frontal rotation.

      • Q Q (3 4): at end of 4, neutralize horizontal and vertical rotation.

    • Three Step:

      • S (1 2): horizontally rotate to L about 45 degrees, vertically rotate to R (L side longer), keep head position - this position is not as natural as the other side because we are keep spine to L

      • Q Q (3 4): neutralize at end of 4.

  • In Foxtrot, the rise is from leg rise, not because of foot rise.