To help facilitate dancing around the ballroom without collision, each couple travels counter-clockwise and has their own line of dance (LOD). See alignments diagram.
Usually, feet and body are in line, alignment is described as Facing or Backing. Pointing is used by foot which is in a different alignment to the body. For example, PDW means foot is Pointing Diagonal Wall while body is facing a different alignment.
Now defined as an "Athlete" by USA Dance, an Athlete is a member of USA Dance who hasn't competed as a professional, and hasn't publicly declared themselves as a professional verbally or in writing.
Amount of turn is measured between feet.
The body action that is generally used to initialize turn. Turn opposite side of body toward moving foot (forward or back).
The position where foot is placed on or across the line of the supporting foot (front or behind).
The names of the foot positions are taken from ballet, and are used as a shorthand in ballroom.
Footwork describes what part of foot is in contact with floor. In Standard dances,
Some abbreviation used when describing foot, footwork:
A type of heel turn.
Turns to the right.
Normally when stepping back on the inside of most turns when the heel of supporting foot mains in contact with floor until full weight is on next step. Rise is only in body and legs.
Step outside partner on the right side.
A position where Man's R side and Lady's L side are in contact, forming "V" shape.
Turns to the left.
In Standard dances, like Waltz, Rise and Fall refers to the elevation and lowering through the feet, legs and body. For some figures, there is no foot rise (NFR).
Take the same side body either forward or backward with the moving foot.
These are the different skill levels in International Style ballroom dancing, also commonly known as Newcomer, Bronze, Silver, Gold level, respectively.
In Standard dances, Sway refers to the inclination of body away from moving foot and toward the inside of the turn.
Broken sway: from the waist upwards.
Normally, there are 3 or 4 beats in a bar of music. "&" (and) denotes half beat of music. "a" is quarter (1/4) beat of music.
Sometimes, instead of numbers, timing is given by Q and S, or Quick and Slow. Quick is one beat, and Slow is two beats.