ISTD International Standard - Rumba Syllabus


  1. Basic Movements (Closed, Open, In Place, Alternative)
  2. Cucarachas (LF and RF)
  3. New York (to Left or Right Side Position)
  4. Spot Turns to Left or Right (including Switch and Underarm Turns)
  5. Shoulder to Shoulder (Left Side and Right Side)
  6. Hand to Hand (to Right and Left Side Position)
  7. Progressive Walks Forward or Back
  8. Side Steps (to Left or Right)
  9. Cuban Rocks

Rumba Timing and Tempo

  • 4/4 (4 beat in a bar of music)
  • Musical accent on first beat, percussive accent on 4th beat
  • 27 bars per minute, 105 beats per minute
  • 1/2 beat is taken to get to desire foot position, then the remaining 1/2 or 1 1/2 beat is used to "settle" the hip.

Rumba Technique

See Rumba Technique and general Latin Technique.


See Rumba choreography for practice routines at different levels.
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