Standard Lesson Notes

Warm Up

See General Exercise  Foot Strength, Rise and Fall exercises. Leg Swings and Stretch.


Rhythm & Tempo

Bar/Measure: A bar is a part of the music that starts with an accented beat and finishes right before the next accented beat.  (bar lines on musical sheet)

Rhythm/Time Signature: how many beats in each measure/bar. Example: 1 2 3 vs SSQQ

Tempo: speed or music, i.e. the speed beat is played, how many beats per minute.

Direction & Alignment

Travel direction and foot alignment may or may not be the same.

Foot alignment could be Diagonal Center, but traveling direction is Line of Dance.

Turn & Rotation

Turn is for the feet. Rotation is hip relative to feet

Swing & Sway

Swing and Sway go together. Swing is hips moving swinging. Sway is the tilt. Sway helps to balance.

Leader and Follower don't sway the same amount at the same time. One swings more, sways less, the other swings less and sway more.

When your center moves toward partner, you sway more (and shape more). 

When your center moves away from partner, you swing more (less sway)


  • Always use inside edge of ball, not the whole ball.


Closed change: 
  • Side step is not straight to the side, it is always slightly forward or slightly back.
  • Stepping to side or back or forward: it has to come from standing leg. The stepping leg does not just move itself.
  • Do not dissolve sway too early. There is still sway at end of first 123. Then, it gives power to next 1.
  • 1 2(always partial weight, not full weigh) 3 (full weight)
Natural Turn:
  • 12: the timing of turning body needs to be a little earlier and smoother.
  • 3: Lady's hip: R hip high (sway), hip is also rotated (relative to feet), L hip behind, this is the wind up. for next 1.
    • The power for movement on 1 comes from the end of 3, lowering and then pushing off on standing leg.


Quarter turn:
  • Small amount of turn. There is actually more time than what people usually think.