Note! These are notes from dance classes prior to 2004. They are archived here for occasional reference.
They are also in the process of being edited for greater clarity (March 2012).
See also: Ballroom Salsa
, Club Salsa
, Salsa shines and styling
, Salsa routines
, Rueda de Casino
Tips and Notes:
- These notes assume a certain Salsa vocabulary, so some figures
might be hard to figure out if you don't have the same vocabulary
we did. In future, we will provide a glossary of these
- These notes are all from the leader's perspective, you may
need an experienced follower to work out the lady's part.
- Please review these notes in order. Some later
amalgamations assume knowledge of previous ones.
- Spins are driven by upper body, not feet. On hook turn, before
I hook my RF, wind up upper body, and use it to drive spin as I
hook. Keep weight on left ball, bring RF in, let ball drag on
floor, and use RF to stop turn.
- Cross-hands hold (X-hands)
- Hand hold where the man holds the lady's right hand with his
right hand, and the lady's left hand with her left hand. The
pattern instructions should indicate whether right hand is above
- Right Hand
- Left Hand
- Right Foot
- Left Foot
- Cross-hands hold, RH on top.
- Cross-hands hold, LH on top.
- Under Arm Turn (UAT)
- The man leads the lady to turn, holding her hand(s) slightly
above her head, so that she passes under his arm.
- Outside Turn
- When the man leads the lady into a turn, his leading hand goes
around the outside of the partnership. For example, an
underarm turn to the right, led by the man's LH hold the lady's RH,
has the man's LH going out behind the lady, away from him. In most
cases, and outside turn will refer to a right turn led with the
- Inside Turn
- Using the same terminology as the outside term, the man's
leading hand initiates the turn by moving between the partners,
that is, inside the partnership. A lady's underarm turn to the
left, led by the man's LH holding the lady's RH, is an inside
- Cross Body Lead (XBL)
under Ballroom Salsa
- Comb Hair
- With RH to RH or LH to LH hold, the man passes his hand just
over his own or the lady's head, then down to the shoulder,
simulating the action of combing the hair back.
- Holding both lady's hands, starting from above her
head, bring them down to her sides in a big arc.
- Position in which one of the hands is by the opposite hip,
with the arm behind the back. Name is taken from the wrestling
- Cuddle Position
- Lady's left arm crosses in front, left hand at right
hip. Man's right arm goes around lady's back, his right hand
holds her left hand at her right hip. Man's LH holds lady's RH
in front of her.
Cross Body Lead to Hand Switch and Under Arm Turn
- 123: Forward Break
- 567: Cross-Body Lead, switching to RH to RH hold.
- 123: Open Break
- 567: Side Break (Cuban Break) leading lady into Outside
- 123: Forward Break, comb her hair, leave RH on lady's left
shoulder, and use LH on her shoulder blade to keep her from
- 567: Use RH on her shoulder to lead her into a right turn,
while doing a back break.
Cross Body Lead to Hand Switch and Two-Hand Under Arm Turn with
- 123 567: Cross-body lead, switch to RH to RH, LH to LH
- 123: Open Break
- 567: Lady's outside turn, keeping hands
- 123: Forward break, comb her hair, LH then RH, leaving RH on
lady's left shoulder
- 567: Right hand on shoulder leads turn to right.
Cross Body Lead to Hand Switch, Two Hand UAT and Hip Turn
- 123567: Cross body lead, switch to crossed hands hold, LH
- 123: Back or Side Break
- 567: Follower Outside Turn.
- 123: Comb her hair, bringing hands down to her waist.
- 567: When I am breaking back with RF, and her left hip is
coming forward, give it an extra nudge to lead her into another
Face to Face Hammer Lock and Neck Wrap to Lady's Duck and Man's
- 123: Open Break
- 567: Cuban break, lead lady into right turn, keeping both
hands, with RH low, place LH on her right shoulder, so we end up
with lady's hammerlock and neck wrap.
- 123: Left forward basic, man pushes gently with RH to get lady
to duck under his LH.
- 567: Right back basic, man comb's his hair with LH, leaves her
RH on his right shoulder.
- 123: Man does full turn right, so her hand drapes around his
neck, still ending up on right shoulder, end up with feet shoulder
- 567: Cuban break right, man duck's head under her hand so her
hand ends up on his left shoulder.
Crossed Hands Outside Turn to Comb and Lady's Sombrero
- 123: Starting with crossed-hand hold, RH on top, back
- 567: Lead lady's UAT right.
- 123567: XBL with Lady's left UAT.
- 123: Comb her hair with RH to her right shoulder, while man
combs himself with LH.
- 567: Using RH on lady's shoulder, lead her into a turn to the
right, where she ducks under the man's RH. Note: if the lady is
not familiar with such actions, the man should get his hand out of
her way as soon as he sees she isn't going to duck.
Cross-Hands Outside Turn to Comb and XBL
- 123567: RXH, lead right underarm turn.
- 123: First half of XBL, man comb's himself with LH, releasing
LH, and then combs lady with RH, releasing RH, and puts RH on her
- 567: Offering LH to take lady's RH, complete XBL
2 Hand Outside Turn to Rainbow and Lady's Turning Break
- 123: Open break.
- 567: Lady's right turn, keep both her hands, end with
both her hands in my RH.
- 123: Left forward break with rainbow, grabbing her
- 567: Lead her into right free spin.
Hammerlock to Comb
- 123: With two hand hold, Open break
- 567: Lead right UAT, hanging on to her LH w/ man's
RH. Man's RH goes down (gently) to lead her into the
turn. The lady should be in the hammerlock position.
- 123: Open break again, man combs self with LH, puts her
RH on his right shoulder, and lets it slide down to his RH,
her LH. Then it's the same as hand-switch to UAT.
- 567: RH to RH Lady's UAT right.
Hammerlock to double inside turn
- 123: Open break in 2 hand hold.
- 567: Keeping both hands, her RH high, LH low, lead UAT
right into hammerlock.
- 123: Man's side break.
- 567: Lead lady into double UAT left, while man steps
Double outside turn
- 123: Open break, keeping lady's RH.
- Man starts to lead the lady's UAT right on 4, and does
a side break on 567. Lady does chainné turn on
Starting with both her hands together between us, insert my hands
between hers, and make a circle up and out with my arms, taking her
hands or wrists at the end.
2Hand Outside Turn to Rainbow, Double Lady's Comb, and
Right Waist Turn
- 123: Open Break, keeping both her hands.
- 567: Lady's UAT Right using both hands, end holding
both her hands with man's RH (no thumbs).
- 123: Man can either just do an open or side break, or,
more advanced, he can step back, quarter turn left, point
his left hand out, and then return to face partner.
- 567: Rainbow with cuban break to right.
- 123: Comb lady with both hands, letting hands slide
down to her waist.
- 567: Lead her into right turn to right using RH on her
Hammerlock to Man's Wrap and Lady's Double Inside
- 123567: Open Break to Hammerlock.
- 123: Back break, and then step forward passing lady to
man's left, with quarter turn to right.
- 5: Man RF hooks behind for 3/4 turn to right, LH combs
self, Lady steps forward LF.
- 6: LF feet together, follow through on comb so that man's arms
are crossed in front of him (wrap), hands at his sides,
still holding hers, she crosses behind with RF.
- 7: Man RF side, she steps side LF.
- 1: Man releases LH, LF fifth position to get it out of
her way, and leads her into double inside turn with RH.
- 23: Complete turn.
Cross Hand Outside Turn, Neck Wrap, Outside Turn, Comb, and Waist Turn
- 123: Open break, changing to RH to RH hold.
- 567: Lead Lady's UAT right while doing Cuban break.
- 123: RH combs to lady's neck wrap, take LH to LH.
- 567: Use hand on lady's left shoulder to lead UAT
right, keeping both hands, while man does Cuban
- 123: Comb both hands over her head, and let them drop
to her waist.
- 567: Lead lady's free spin right using RH on
Cross body lead to Inside Turn to Cuddle, Right Turn to
Hammerlock, Cross-body Lead with Inside turn.
- 123567: Cross body lead to lady's UAT left. Lady does a
chainé turn. Lady ends up facing the way she started
Man keeps both her hands, ending up in cuddle
position. Man releases LH, keeping RH at her waist.
- 123: Cuban break left, msn used RH on her hip, and LH
on her left shoulder to turn her slightly left, winding her up.
- 567: Man does back break with right foot, while leading lady to turn one
and a half times right to end up in hammer lock, and takes her RH
with his LH.
- 123567: Cross body lead to inside turn, so that hands
- 123567: Pop an open break, and on the Slow, pop elbow up and
turn hands out, so that she can run her hands down my waist
on next measure.
Lady's Cross-Handed Outside Turn, Man's Left Turn, Comb Lady, Rainbow to
- 123: Open Break, Crossed hands hold, RH over left
- 567: Cuban break, Lady full turn right
- 1: LF forward, LH up to go under
- 2: CW RF, QT left
- 3: LF feet together, both hands by sides, holding hers, QT left,
facing away from lady
- 567: RF forward, pivot turn, then feet together now in hammerlock,
with RH behind me, now facing partner
- 123: forward break, comb LH over her head, then raise LH straight
up, palm in, sweep clockwise to take her LH, and bring it into
position for outside turn
- 567: back break, lady's outside turn
Argentine Swivels to Lady's Double Turn, Man's Double
As the name suggests, this pattern borrows from Argentine
- 123567: Cross body lead, man ends it by popping both feet out into wide
stance, palms facing forward, her hands pointing up in
his. On the 1, lead her to pop back on her RF using LH, to
start a swivel action for the XBL
- Man's feet don't move for next two measures. Lady
takes very small steps.
- 1. Lady RF back. Turning frame right, lead her to swivel right.
- 2. Lady CW LF, Turn frame, lead her to swivel left
- 3. Lady RF forward, continue leading swivel left
- 5. Lady LF forward, lead her to swivel right
- 6. Lady RF forward, her LF points back, and is touching
man's left leg, he leads her to swivel left, far enough so
that she is facing away from him.
- 7. Lady lifts LF from knee, to touch man's left inside thigh
- 123: open break, start leading turn on second half of slow
- 567: side break, lead lady's double outside turn, leading it with
- 1. Man's LF forward
- 23: Man's full turn, pivoting on RF, let lady's LH
drape waist as he goes around
- 567: man's hook turn, all the way around
- 1. back break
- 2. RF cross to clear slot. Keep hand low, Lady still
facing down slot
- 3. QT right, LF side, taking her hand hand all the way
down, so the arm straightens on the way, place her RH
behind her back, and take it with RH
- 567. Side break, use RH gently pulling down to lead lady
into one and a half turns, turn right to face lady down
- Lady will do half turn on each step.
Cross-Hand Cross Body Lead to Cuddle
- Start in Crossed-Hands Hold, RH on top.
- Cross body lead with Lady's Inside turn, one and a
half. End up facing same direction, RH by lady's left
shoulder, LH by lady's waist. If her arms cross, right arm
is over left.
Cross-Hand Cuddle Duck Turn
Starting position: facing same direction, lady in front, LH to LH
hold by lady's waist on right, RH to RH hold by lady's left
shoulder. Lady will do a 360 right. LH down, right arm goes over
her head, then left arm. I end up with my arms crossed, LH over RH,
with RH by lady's waist. Release left hand, and use RH to lead her
into one and a half turns to left. The turns happens on the measure
when I break with my LF.
Spin Whip to Cross-Hand Cross Body Lead to Cuddle to
Cross-Hand Cuddle Duck Turn
Put the three patterns before this one in order.
Lady's Double Outside Turn to Man's Hammerlock, Check to
Lady's Double Inside Turn, Cross Body Lead to Cuddle Wrap,
Hook Turn and Hand Change to Lady's Outside Turn
- 123: open break, start lady's outside turn on 4.
- 567: lady's double outside turn; as soon as the she is half way
through second turn, man does a hook turn, keeping her RH in his LH, 3/4
turn, so he ends up with LH behind his back, still holding her RH, at
right angle to her with her on his right.
- 123: LF side break, she back breaks, then with LH lead
her to go past leader behind his back, turning and lunging
180 left, he lunges right, and, letting go of her hand,
check her with his hand on her back (behind his
- 567: left hand pushes in to lead her into traveling double inside turn
back down the slot, while he can either just turn to face her, or do
a hook turn to face her.
- 123567: cross body lead.
- 123: open break then RF step left, raising LH, LF step
side, he goes around her, ending up in cuddle with her RH
by her left shoulder.
- 567: QQS, RF hook behind, LF side, RF hook turn,
releasing her RH, change her LH to his LH behind his back,
end up at right angle, her on his right, her LH in his
- 123: lead her into traveling counterclockwise turn with
his LH, to end the pattern.
Lady's 2-Hand Turn, Man's Left Turn to Neck Wrap, Man's
Duck and Lady's Free Spin
- 123: Open Break
- 567: Lady's Outside Turn, keeping both hands
- 123: Half turn left, going under RH, end up with me in cuddle
- 567: half turn left, keep LH at neck level, so I end up with lady's RH
on left side of my neck
- side break left, ducking under her arm, and keeping both hands,
take them to my right
- back break, bring her hands together, and lead her into free spin
Lady's Inside Turn, Man's UAT left, Lady's Outside Turn
to Neck Wrap and Duck, Flare to Arm Check
- 123: Open Break to Peekaboo (Stop and Go)
- 56: Back break
- 7: cross slot under my LH, changing to R2R at top, QT
left, so I end up with RH at left side holding her RH.
- 123: Forward break, while leading her to back break.
- 567: Lead her into traveling ccw turn, keeping hand at neck level for a
wrap, while breaking to side.
- 123: Open break while leading lady to duck under my hand.
- 567: RF hook, LF side, while putting LH on inside of her
her to step forward, RF cross in front
- 123: side break while checking her into traveling free spin
Cross body lead to cuddle, Lady's tunnel, man's duck
Cross body lead into cuddle. Lady keeps going around me to my left,
and ducks under my arms. I release RH, and as I turn I duck under
her LH, so it ends up on right shoulder, rainbow to take her
Lady's outside turn, man's under arm half turn, lady's wrap,
man's underarm turn, lady's free spin
- 123: Open break.
- 567: Lead lady's outside turn with RH.
- 123: Cuban break, then half turn under my right arm to face
away from lady, with her on my right.
- 567: Lead her into traveling left turn forward, keeping her hand
so that she wraps up facing away from me, while I move to her
- 123: Hook step to get in front of her, then cut across in front
of her, turning under my right arm, so that again she is on my
right and we are facing same direction.
- Lead her into another traveling turn left, but let go so she
can spin freely.
Lady's UAT, Man's Hook Turn, Lady's Outside Turn
Open Break to Lady's UAT. Man's comb, and let her RH fall into my
RH. Open break to Lady's UAT. Forward break, comb her, keep hand.
Hook turn, full. Forward break with lady's comb. Back break and
lead her into clockwise turn with hand on her shoulder.
Turn, Man's turn with hand switch, Lady to shadow, Lady's left
Back break to lady's checked inside turn. Man's hook turn with LH
kept low, and switch hands behind man's back, ending up in right to
right hold. Back break, and lead lady into inside turn, releasing
RH, and checking her turn with RH at her waist. Take LH to LH, and
lead her into UAT left.
steps are for one hand rope spin from closed position. For two hand
rope spin, if we count the steps from 1 to 12, on 6, I raise right
hand, and step through window, so I have lady's left hand on my
neck, and her RH at my waist. On 7, I raise my LH over my head as
she comes around. 89, as she comes around we have hands knotted.
Lady's under arm turn right will untangle our hands. For RH to RH
rope spin, lead a RH to RH under arm turn right on 456, then every
thing else is the same as LH to RH hold. For Windmill, get RH to RH
on top, LH to LH underneath. 456, lead lady's UAT right, stepping
forward and left with RF on 6, so lady is behind me. Lead rest of
rope spin, ending with UAT right, so we end up in crossed hands
hold with LH on top.
QQS, Open Break, or forward basic
Q, RF back break
Q, LF side, start to raise LH
S, RF forward left, so I am standing with lady on my right, hand
over my head
Q, LF cross in front right, lead lady to walk around behind me
Q, RF side, lead lady to walk past my left side
S, LF slightly back, lead lady in front of me
QQS, back break, lead lady into uat right
QQS, open break, two hand hold. QQS, man wrap, end up with lady
behind me, her around my waist. QQS, switch hands, so we're right
to right and left to left, break forward, pushing her back. QQS,
releasing right hand, lead her to do traveling free spin past me on
Two back spot
turns to lady's outside turn to lady's free spin.
Open break to back spot turn. Keep going around for second back
spot turn. Third back spot turn with lady's outside turn, as I
complete it, turn to face away from lady. I have my partner behind
me, my LH holding her RH. QQS break forward, leading her to break
back. QQS, lead her into traveling right free spin past me on my
Cross hand outside
turn to man's half turn, hand change, man's duck and rise
Open break, changing to cross hand hold, RH on top. Lady's outside
turn, while I do a cuban break right to half turn left, so I am
facing away from lady. Cuban break left, while I place lady's right
hand on my left shoulder, and then her left hand on my right
shoulder. Cuban break right, release her hands, and offer my hands
by my waist; lady can run her hands down my back if she likes.
Cuban break left to half turn right, while ducking under her arms.
Cuban break right, while I snake up between her arms, with rainbow
at the end. Holding her arms, pop a forward break.
LH to LH hold. Q, wind lady to her right. Q, RF side, lead her into
left traveling turn down slot, hanging on to her LH, so that it
wraps around her waist. S, LF across RF, turning to face down slot.
QQ, two short steps, getting to right side of slot; on second Q,
her hand should be hitting her waist. S, RF side, turning so that I
face across slot, lead her into half turn to face back down the
slot, with slight pull on her LH; I end up even with her left
wrist, take her left wrist with my RH. Q, LF hook, RH down between
us to lead her into traveling free spin left. Q, full turn left,
pivoting on LF. S, LF forward. QQS, catch up to partner. A nearly
identical pattern has me using my RH on her left shoulder to spin
her exactly the same way.
Lady's Cuddle Wrap
to Outside Turn
QQS, start cross body lead. QQS, finish XBL, but hang back, to keep
her from stepping back with her RF on the next Q. QQS, lead her to
walk past me down the slot, and at the last second, raise LH to get
her into cuddle, as I go around behind her. QQS, lead her into
outside turn down slot.
Cross Body Lead to
Reverse Hammer Lock, Man's Half Turn, and Lady's Outside
Lead XBL to inside turn, keeping my RH up and LH down, so that we
end up with lady in reverse hammerlock, her LH is up, RH around her
back. QQS, I do a half turn right. QQS, tilting my right shoulder
back, lead her into an outside turn, unwrapping her, and ending
with a half turn left on the slow. Open break to cuddle, keep her
from rocking back on her left foot on the next quick. Pulling down
her LH to lead, lead her into traveling turn behind her.
Cuddle to Double
XBL. Back break to cuddle. Double outside turn, pulling her right
hand down so that she turns in place, instead of traveling.
Variation: after back break to cuddle, walk around for two
measures, and then do double turn.
XBL to Outside
Turn, Man's Double Hammerlock
Start XBL in 2-hand hold. On 7, lead her into outside turn
(clockwise), so we end up facing each other with hands
double-crossed. Back break, and QT right while I lead her past me,
with her turning ccw, I've hands up and I'm facing her with her
back to me on 3. I take half turn left, dropping RH into hammerlock
behind my back. Back break, then pull her through with RH,
extending LH out and then dropping it down, so I end up with LH in
hammerlock. 5,6,7, take RH over head, leading her past me, so she
does half turn right, and we end up untangled.
to Man's Hammerlock and Comb
X-Hands hold, right on top. Back break to lady's outside turn,
while I do half turn ccw, end up with hands right over my head.
Break in place, dropping hands to my left side, looking at them,
and then bring them back up. Cuban break right, put right hand by
my side, and half turn ccw, so that I am in hammerlock of RH. Comb
myself with left, and go back into closed position.
While breaking forward, step in close, and switch left hand to
underhand hold. QT left, lunging a little with LF, wrap her right
arm behind my back, and dip.
UAT to Side by
Side Walkaround to Inside Turn
Learned from Gary and Isabelle at Allegro Ballroom
Back break to RH to RH outside turn. 2nd quick, LF forward, QT
right. S, close feet, and bring her right arm over my head to my
Walk around clockwise
Use LH to shoot her across me, RH slides up to take her right
wrist, continue to circle clockwise
Inside turn, and I can throw in a hook turn if I want to be
Check to Free
Nearly identical in form to arm check
On right back break, lead her to step to my right down slot.
Use her right arm to lead her into clockwise free spin.
RH to RH, LH to LH hold, LH on top.
Lead her into cross body lead, combing my hair with LH on one.
567, after she passes me, traveling left turn towards lady under my
LH, so that I end up with RH in hammerlock.
simple ending is to comb hair with LH and go into XBL
R2R, Hammerlock Peekaboo
send her back out, and take L2L over R2R
Change of Places
LH low, RH high, RF hook turn, to end up with LH in hammerlock.
Comb lady with RH, loop RH under her left arm to take her RH, and
lead her into XBL, letting go of LH
One of Roger's
Lead lady into right turn into hammerlock, passing on my right,
while I QT right
Release both hands, and QT left to face away from partner, while
offering my RH.
Opposition break, then lead her forward on my right
Switch her LH to my LH, take her left shoulder with my RH, and lead
her into traveling inside turn.
Full turn right, leaving her hand at my waist.
Full hook turn right
Taught by Al and Edie Espinoza
X-Hands, LH up.
X-Body lead, lead her through a full turn so she is facing away
from me, with my hands over her head.
Statue of Liberty, or I'd rather call it a figurehead. While I step
forward and right with LF, bring her hands down and to the side, so
they are fully extended, she leans out against them, and waves her
23, LF comes back to side.
Cuban break, releasing left hand, lead her into single or double
Can go right from this into next pattern below.
Lead to Double Wrap, Lady's Outside Turn
Second half of pattern taught by Al and Edie Espinoza
X-Hands, RH up.
X-Body Lead into inside turn, taking RH over her head, so we end up
with her facing away from me. RH holds her RH by her left shoulder,
LH holds her LH by her right waist.
Break LF forward and right, while leading her to break to the left,
winding her up.
Lead her into single or double outside turn.
From here, can exit, somehow, with Man's Turn to Back Duck, Man's
Double Outside Turn, or, if I've got her in a hammerlock, X-Body
lead to inside turn.
Man's Turn to Back
Keeping LH low, right turn, when I get to hammerlock,
Shadow to Double
Wrap, Syncopated Breaks, and Zipper
Taught by Al and Edie Espinoza
Open Break to Lady's Outside Turn, while I do half turn left,
putting her RH on my right shoulder, offering my RH down below.
Opposition break, then lead her past me to my right, make big
circle with RH and take her LH with mine, so we are in shadow
567, lead her into left turn, keeping RH high, so she is double
wrapped, my RH at her left shoulder, my LH at her right waist.
1, Wind her left, while I shoot LF left, she shoots RF right.
3, Wind her right, while my LF kicks my RF out to right, vice versa
Zipper: lead her into left turn, RH high as she goes underneath,
then bring RH straight down (zipper) to turn her again, so she ends
up with RH in hammerlock.
Take L2L, X-Body lead into inside turn.
Man's Hand Change Hook Turn to Hammerlock, Walk Around, Change of
Places, and Man's Hook Turn to Hammerlock
Taught by Jake and Techi
Lady's Outside Turn to Hammerlock
Release LH, Lady's Inside Turn
Man's Hook Turn, changing hands, so I end up with LH in hammerlock,
take R2R hold.
Turning Box Step, to end up facing lady in L2L over R2R
Man's Hook Turn with RH high, LH low, to end up with RH in
XBL to exit.
Hammerlock Turn to
Opposition Break and Lady's Traveling Left Free Spin
Taught by Alex de Silva
Lady's Right Hammerlock Turn, with Man's Half Turn left
Lady's RH to my right shoulder, offer RH at waist. Pantea calls
this offer of a hand a callout. Opposition Break, bring her forward
along my right side, switching her RH to my LH.
Lead lady into traveling free spin left.
Double Wrap to
Lady's Duck, Slow Combs, and free spin.
Taught by Alex de Silva
R2R over L2L, XBL into Lady's Double Wrap (she does inside turn,
while I take RH over her head). Have hands at her waist.
Lead lady to duck and full turn right.
567, bring RH up and over her head to comb her.
123, LH up and over, extend both arms wide.
567, use RH to lead lady into free spin right.
Reverse Hammerlock to Helicopter to Freespin
Taught by Alex de Silva
123, No open break, go right into inside turn to undo hammerlock,
then raise RH and lower left hand to lead her into reverse
567, step past and behind her, to end up back to back, with arms
123, Turn RH to face back, bring it over her head, and we both turn
around to face each other.
567, Lady's right turn, keep hands high.
123, RH over her head, LH over mine, get back to back again.
567, lead her into left traveling free spin.
Taught by Ricardo and Sara Tellez
Hammerlock turn, crossing RF on 7.
123, duck under lady's right arm, LF cross, extend left arm wide,
RF side, turn RH back, LF hook, bring LH over lady's head so that I
end up in right arm hammerlock.
Hook turn under my LH, we are unwound.
123, pivot turn under my RH, I end up in LH hammerlock.
XBL to Side by
Taught by Ricardo and Sara Tellez
123, start like normal XBL, but on 3, get LH on her right
567, on 6, get LH all the way across her shoulders, get her to keep
turning until we are side by side, shoulder to shoulder, with her
on my left.
123, step across her, put my right arm around her shoulders on 2,
and end up side by side with her on the other side.
567, lead her to start to come across me, release right arm and
lead her to step back, while I qt right, so we end up facing each
to Arm Dip
Taught by Ricardo and Sara Tellez
Start R2R, grab her wrist, while she grabs mine.
123, start like XBL
Lead her into inside turn, while I turn left, taking right arm over
her head, so I end up with right arm in hammerlock. Offer left arm
for same hold.
Dip, by lunging slightly left, so she can rest across my thigh, and
using left arm to hold her up.
Left Side Pass
with Lady's Outside Turn
Taught by Pantea
Open Break to Lady's Outside Turn
Open Break, QT left to right side of slot, offer RH (also known as
Lead Lady past me leading clockwise turn with right hand
Man's 3/4 turn right, remembering to lift left arm to clear her
left arm, then scoop her up into XBL
Open Break to Cuddle, I face across slot, lady faces back the way
she came, keep her arms close to her body.
5, CW RF, pop her to my left as far as my arms will let her go
6, CW back to LF, lead her to duck under my arms. She is only
ducked on the 6, no other time.
7, QT right to face partner, RF cross.
Open break to double turn, keeping both hands.
1, open break
2, RF forward cross
3, lead her into inside turn past me on my right, I keep facing
same direction, and should have RH behind me, LH at my waist.
Cuban break right, circle LH over my head to end up behind my back,
keeping her hand. Image is of being in handcuffs.
123, half turn right
567, duck under her arms, come up, should end up with her hands on
my shoulders, in position to do a rainbow.
Taught by Jake and Techi
Push off with LH to lead lady into outside turn, stop her when she
is facing away from me with LH on her left shoulder, so we end up
side by side with her on my left, and continue in a clockwise
circle, me going back, and her forward.
With left hand, lead her into inside half turn, stop her with RH on
With RH, lead her into outside turn, move RH to her back, to lead a
continuation going around each other back to back.
Cross, side, back, going around her, so we end up facing each other
Hook turn, lady could do a hook turn or outside turn
Inside Turn from
This is a component of a lot of complex patterns.
Start in man's shadow position, man facing away from Lady, both
facing in same direction, R2R hold.
Opposition break, on 2, pull lady forward, circling RH up and over
her head, turning her a little to her right, and offer my LH for
her to take with her LH.
Lead her into traveling inside turn past me, can assist with RH on
her RH shoulder.
Turn to Wrap and Lady's Outside Turn
Lady's double outside turn to Hammerlock. Release her LH as she
goes around first time. She keeps LH on her back, and I keep my RH
at her waist, and I pick up hand on second turn.
Change of places, i.e., lady's inside turn passing on my right, so
we end up facing each other.
56, RF back break.
7, RF forward past lady on my right, make window with RH, so that I
am wrapped as I go by.
123, LF cross, RF back, LF side, releasing LH, leading lady to walk
567, lead lady's outside turn with RH.
Cross-body Lead to
Pencil Turn, Callout, and Lady's Inside Turn
XBL. On 7, spin clockwise, changing her RH to my RH behind my
123, lead her to back break, circling her RH up and over her head,
and offer my LH at waist level.
567, lead inside turn with LH
Cross Body Lead
with Inside Turn to Reverse Hammerlock and Helicopter
XBL to inside turn with RH high and LH low, so lady ends up in
Back break, then step forward with lady on my left, QT right,
leading lady down slot with half turn right, so my LH is in
hammerlock, and she is facing me.
Cuban right, with RH over my head, lead lady down slot with half
turn right, and do QT left, so we are facing each other again in
XBL to Inside
Turn, Man's right turn to hammerlock, Man's right turn with circle
break and toss, check to lady's free spin.
XBL with inside turn
Man's full turn right, keeping LH, so I end up with LH in
Right arm circles down to break hold across us, keep circling arm
around for a full circle, and then bring it around again to toss
lady's right arm up, doing a half turn right on 7, and offer RH on
Opposition break, then toss RH up, offer LH to LH, and put RH on
her left shoulder, as I turn to face her, she faces to my left.
Back break with RF, while leading her to break forward on 5, then
on 6 and 7 lead her to do 3/4 turn, keeping her LH, so that it
Opposition break, then lead her to do half turn right, we end up
side by side, and I take her left wrist with my RH.
Lead her to do free spin left.
XBL to Cuddle and
123, 2hand hold, lead her swivel back right on 1, forward left on
3, as I do XBL foot work.
567, inside turn, keeping RH low, so we are in cuddle, with me on
her left and slightly behind her, both of us facing same
1, rock forward
2, RF right, around lady, as I lead her to replace weight on her
3, LF cross as I QT left, leading her to start to turn left
567, Inside Turn, led with LH, end up facing each other.
Flops down slot
123, L2R hand hold, on 23 step out of slot
567, lead lady's free spin right down slot, catch her right
shoulder or upper arm with my right hand and stop her when she is
123, getting out of slot to my right, don't let her rock back on
RF, lead her to do 1 full left turn traveling down slot, stop her
with LH, keep RH in place. I am now behind her.
567, lead her to travel down half turn right.
Repeat for one more measure, end by changing holds.
X-hand turn to
Man's Hammerlock, Alternate Double Rainbow, to Outside
R2R over L2L, Lady's Outside Turn.
123, Hand Break to R2R over L2L, Man's right turn under RH, end up
in hammerlock of LH, comb RH over my head for neck wrap.
567, CCW circle RH around her LH to break hold and end up with her
hand, my hand facing outside, then clockwise circle my LH around
her RH to toss it up and onto my LH, while doing half turn left, so
I end up with both her hands in my RH.
123, Cuban break left, then half turn right.
567, Lead her into double outside turn.
With LH, push her RH out to separate hands, then take left to left,
and lead her XBL with inside turn.
123, Tossing her LH up, half turn right, and offer RH.
567, Lead her into another inside turn down slot to my right, doing
123, Full turn right, changing hands twice behind my back.
567, Lead lady into free spin left.
Outside Turn and
Man's Hammerlock to Sliding Door and Lady's Inside Turn
Open Break to Lady's Outside Turn, Man's Hook Turn on 7, so I end
up with RH in Hammerlock
Lead Lady down slot, left half turn, while I turn right, releasing
RH, and taking L2L
lead XBL with lady's inside turn.
Hand Toss to
Lady's Wrap and Hip Turn, Checked Free Spin to Lady's Hip
L2L, toss hand up, half turn right, catch her hand with RH.
Keeping Hand, lead lady into traveling left turn, so she is wrapped
by LH, I am perpendicular.
567, side break right, leading her to break forward, then cut
across her, QT right, keeping her LH and changing it to my RH, and
reach back to her hip with my RH
Stepping back, lead her into traveling full turn left, and keep RH
on her, stopping her with RH on stomach, and LH on back
Walk around her ccw, and then lead her into free spin with LH on
her right hip.
Taught by Ron Montez.
123, LF forward, CW RF, LF hook, so I am almost facing same
direction as lady.
567, Closing up with both hand and arm, lead her around so that we
end up having made 3/4 or more of a turn.
Overturn XBL to
alternate flip-flops to hip twist.
123, start like overturn XBL
567, flip her over to my other side.
123, LF step in front of her, half turn left while I step with RF
across her, half turn left as I get on her left side.
We can keep it in place if the stationary person does
side-cross-side while the other person flips.
Can repeat, but to end, on 123, end a little in front of her, so
she hasn't got room to flip again.
567, step further across her with my RF, while leading with RH
around her waist for her to step in opposition with me.
123, close her up sharply, starting on 8 of previous measure, and
get her to break forward with her RF outside me, then open her up
to closed position
Can end with promenade scallop or cuban break right.
Turn to Shadow Turn and Man's Hammerlock Duck.
123, R2R, open break, step up to lady's right side.
567, taking RH wide, lead lady into outside turn past me, without
me changing orientation, so we end up facing same direction, her RH
by my right shoulder.
123, cuban break left, take RH over my head, and look at her, then
return hand to right shoulder.
567, cuban break right, lead her into outside turn.
123, cuban break right, take her RH to my left waist and switch
hands, and then half turn right, ending up in hammerlock.
567, duck under left arm.
of Places To Man's Duck and Lady's Neck Wrap
From 2 Hand Hold.
567, man back break, then forward and to left, to go under lady's
123, man's Jazz box, LF cross, RF side, QT left and LF side, so I
end up facing partner with RH in hammerlock.
Lady will walk around, turning right.
567, Man's hook turn, extending arms out to make it easier for
lady, so that we change places, lady will do 3/4 turn left, and I
will be in LH hammerlock.
123, cuban break left, if I'm not still completing the previous
567, drape her LH (my RH) over her right shoulder, and get my elbow
outside her arm, and then duck under my left arm, getting her right
arm on my left shoulder, while keeping the other hand.
123567, lead XBL to inside turn, keeping her LH at her shoulder, so
we end up with her LH wrapped around her neck from right side, with
me holding hand from left side of her neck.
Lead her into one and a half outside turns, traveling down slot to
my left. Release her LH, and help the turn with my RH
Start R2R over L2L.
Man's turn right, to end with LH in hammerlock.
Jazz box right, leading lady under my right arm while she turns
left, and then back through under my left arm. I will now be in
right arm hammerlock.
One way out is to hook turn, releasing LH.
Start R2R over L2L.
Open break to Lady's outside turn.
On 7, step forward, under lady's right arm.
123, walk around, and turn left, spotting lady the whole way
through, so I end up with RH in hammerlock.
Lead lady to do ChainÃ© Turn under my left arm, around
my back, and then under my right arm, as I do a right hook
Turn to Shadow to
Cross-body lead and Lady's Inside Turn to Hammerlock
R2R over L2L
Lady's outside turn, with man's pencil turn to face away at 7
Back break, taking her hands over my left shoulder and on 3 take
hands to my right.
Lead lady into inside turn past me, keeping right hand low, so that
her right hand ends up in hammerlock.
Halfturn into Helicopter
As taught by Pantea
Two hand hold open break.
Lady's two hand outside turn, with man's left turn on 7.
Man's half turn right with RH high, LH low, to go into hammerlock,
facing away from lady.
Lead lady into XBL with inside turn, end up back to back.
Back break with LH high, RH low.
Take RH over Lady's head to lead change of places, and go under my
own, turning left to face lady.
Cradle to inside
Two hand hold, open break, on 3, step in deep past lady, taking LH
over her head.
Hook, side, forward, stepping around lady, taking her into cuddle
position as I go by.
Release RH, as I do jazz box around her, and lead her to step
around me on my left by pressing her right forearm to my body with
Offer my RH hand, and lead her into double inside turn.
Pop the forward break, and lead XBL with inside turn.
Hustle drop to
traveling outside turn to hammerlock.
Lady's outside turn, with man's half turn, dropping lady's hand
into my right hand.
back break, turning quarter right, take lady's LH with my LH.
Lead lady's outside turn down slot, and keeping LH, do zipper turn,
leading lady into LH hammerlock.
XBL to lady's inside turn, unwinding hammerlock.
Open break to lady's outside turn into hammerlock.
Back break to change of places, continuing into cuddle
Lead lady to duck under arms, then man's full turn, and bring arms
down into man's wrap.
Taught by Michelle Regal
R2R hold, XBL to Lady's inside turn, keep her turning until we are
side by side, and comb myself with RH.
123, switch from lady's right to lady's left, lady does a back
Complete with second half of XBL.
Taught by Michelle Regal
2 hand hold, cross body lead to cuddle, with lady on my right.
1. break forward with lady. 2. step behind and around her, creating
a little tension in the arms. 3. Break forward, turning slightly
left, while lady breaks back, winding up a bit to the right.
release RH, and lead lady to unwrap left. It seems like I can fit a
double turn in there, just have to figure out how.
Cuddle to reverse
crossover breaks and lady's free spin.
Taught by Michelle Regal
open break to cuddle
immediately unwind lady, to end up side by side.
back break, and then turn to face lady, leading her to face me, and
turn to side by side, me on her right, back break again, and then
turn to face each other again, taking R2L
Back break, and then lead lady into free spin on next quick.
Can end this by instead going into rock and roll.